Using the GID product should cite this website ( and the following paper:

Tong, D., Q. Zhang, Y. Zheng, K. Caldeira, C. Shearer, C. Hong, Y. Qin and S. J. Davis (2019), Committed emissions from existing energy infrastructure jeopardize 1.5 ℃ climate target, Nature, 572, 373-377.

Using sectoral dataset should further cite the corresponding papers:


Tong, D., Q. Zhang, S. J. Davis, F. Liu, B. Zheng, G. Geng, T. Xue, M. Li, C. Hong, Z. Lu, D. G. Streets, D. Guan and K. He (2018), Targeted emission reductions from global super-polluting power plant units, Nat. Sustain., 1, 59-68.

Iron and steel

Wang, X., Y. Lei, L. Yan, T. Liu, Q. Zhang and K. He (2019), A unit-based emission inventory of SO2, NOx and PM for the Chinese iron and steel industry from 2010 to 2015, Sci. Total Environ., 676, 18-30.


Liu, J., D. Tong, Y. Zheng, J. Cheng, X. Qin, Q. Shi, L. Yan, Y. Lei and Q. Zhang (2021), Carbon and air pollutant emissions from China’s cement industry 1990–2015: trends, evolution of technologies and drivers, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 1627–1647.